Overview

Brook trout are also commonly called Eastern brook trout, brookies, speckled trout, native trout, and squaretails.

Brook trout are not spectacular leapers, but are powerful fighters for their size. They will take a dry fly, but subsurface flies generally work better. Many are caught on small spoons and spinners, and on worms, leeches, minnow, and a variety of other live baits. Brookies are the least wary and easiest to catch of the salmonids.

Brook trout thrive in streams, lakes, and ponds that are not too cold and clear. They prefer water of 50 to 56 F.

Eating Habits

The brook trout's diet is extremely varied, depending on what is available. Some of the food items found in brook trout stomachs include tiny larval insects, small fish, field mice and even snakes.

Age & Growth

Slow-growing compared to most other trout and char, brook trout tend to overpopulate their habitat and become stunted. Surprisingly, the fastest growth occurs in the northern part of their range. In most populations, males grow slightly faster than females, but do not live as long. Maximum age is approximately 15 years.

World Record

14 pounds, 8 ounces, caught in the Nipigon River, Ontario, in 1916.